The glory of Alauddin Khalji

If not for Alauddin Khalji, the total population of Indian subcontinent would 1/10 nth of the current.

Khilji dynasty founded by Jalaluddin Firuz Khalji ruled large parts of Indian subcontinent between 1290 and 1320 AD. Alauddin Khalji ascended the throne of Delhi in 1296 AD after the death of his uncle. He had exemplary experience in administrative field. He had served as Governor of Kara and Oudh during his predecessor’s rule.

He used to look like below and not like the ripped version of Khal Drogo as depicted in the movie.

Why do we have different skin complexion?

Lately we have been observing a spike in racism related incidents since a couple of years. The fundamental question persist. Why do we look different? Is it due to the evolution process?

The answer is yes. In around 1835, Charles Darwin on his exploration voyage arrived on Galapagos island near Ecuador where he made a startling discovery. He observed different variations of a songbird called native finches. The Galapagos islands were a group of 13 island and he observed different variations on different islands.

Peanut allergy

In last couple of years there has been a huge surge in food allergy cases especially those involving peanuts. The cases literally doubled between 1997-2002 and its been on rise since.

It accounts to 150 – 200 deaths every year and close to 9500 children are admitted to hospitals due to some form of food allergy.

The symptoms can show in matter of minutes to few hours. Some of common symptoms include hives, irritation on skin, running nose, swelling, blockage of throat, etc. It can even cause Anaphylaxis or cardiac arrest.

Man vs machine

We have seen massive progress in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) over last few years.

By harnessing advanced machine learning capability using neural networks, We have been successful in replicating the power of a human brain.

Deep Blue computer developed by IBM turned heads when it defeated world champion Garry Kasparov in 1st game of a six match series. Human brain eventually won as Garry won the series (4-2) but this was the first step towards realising the advent of AI.

450 million USD for a painting!

The painting(above) was sold in an auction held by Christies for a whopping 450.3 million dollars this week. That is an extraordinary price. This painting is named “Salvator Mundi” and it is known to be painted by Leonardo da Vinci. It has become the most expensive work of art ever sold.

The painting dated around 1500 shows Jesus holding a crystal orb in 1 hand and raised 2 fingers on the other suggesting benediction.

Short history of Jerusalem

Jerusalem is considered to be the holiest city by all 3 Abrahamic faith namely Christianity, Islam & Judaism.

In last few days, it has again come into limelight after US president, Donald Trump declared it as a capital city of Israel which got criticism and condemnation from several countries and massive protest by Palestinians who also regard it as their capital.

The bone of contention is a rock which in on top of a natural hill (mount Moriah for christians, mount Marwah for muslims & mount Moriyya for jews).

The mughal empire

The word “mughal” is a persian translation of the word “mongol” which also explains its origin.

Mughal empire was a prominent empire that controlled vast parts of present day India and Pakistan for nearly 300 years (1526 – 1857). In the 12th – 15nth century, Pakistan and northern India was under the clutches of Delhi Sultanate. The first sultan of Delhi, Qutb ud Din Albak rose to power under the Mamluk dynasty after Muhammad of Ghor was assassinated. He had no children so Ghurid Empire was dissolved and power was split under various generals of the empire.

Restaurants – the art of deception

Restaurants like any other business want to increase their sales. In my previous article, i had outlined the same about Supermarkets.

The ultimate objective for restaurants is to do sales of the items which are priced high and in general make customers eat more hence, make more money.

The first step is lightning and the decor of the restaurants. Nice dim lightning makes body comfortable, brain relaxed and hunger levels up.

Humans – The most destructive species

There were close to 17,460 white rhinoceros in 2007. Today, only 1 northern white rhinoceros is left today in 2017. The last male of his species counting his final days in Sudan Zoo.

Our greed for rhino horn has led to this. Its a systematic extinction cleverly engineered by us. We are the smartest, strongest species and we are taking undue advantage of our prowess.

The tallest slum

Most of us know that “Tower of David” is located in Jerusalem and that citadel was constructed about 2000 years back. It derived its name through the early Christians who believed it was palace of King David.

Lets now navigate to Caracas, Venezuela. Venezuela is 1 of the worst performing economies of the world. With unemployment reaching to a staggering 10.5% and around 8% people living in abject poverty, There is no surprise that the ambitions of citizens have been curtailed and massive resentment across.

A life not lived

Kowloon walled city was demolished in 1993 after a lengthy eviction process. The settlement was insanely populated due to large scale migration of Chinese during world war 2 and occupation of Hong kong by British.

Most of the settlement was built haphazardly by the settlers themselves. As it was not governed by any authority, crime flourished along with illegal trading. The population was an incredible 3.25 million people per square mile!!

Idea of teleportation

Most of us have watched “The Centurions” that used to be telecasted on cartoon network in 90’s. The 3 main protagonist Max Ray, Jake Rockwell & Ace Mccloud used to be teleported from the their space station “Sky Vault” along with weapons by 2 magic words “power extreme!”

Teleportation has always been an imperative theme in many Sci-Fi novels and TV shows.

The crusades

The battle of Guadalete in the year 711, 712 let to the inception of Islamic conquest in Hispania when the Visigoths were defeated by the army of muslim berbers & arabs.

During the times of Umayyad caliphate, Islam was widespread and had entered into Europe through Spain. Abd Ar Rahman I was the first Emir of Cordoba followed by Abd Ar Rahman II.

The rise of the islamic caliphate

In the 6th century, the middle east did not have any uniformity in terms of religious following. Most had idol, pegan beliefs.

Prophet Mohammed started preaching Islam across several regions of middle east. Islam as a religion had all ingredients to attract vast following. There was wide spread discrimination during the middle ages in terms of skin colour, in terms of class, in terms of demographics, social status & many other types of segregation.

Genghis Khan & the mongolian horde

Genghis Khan was born as Temujin on August 18, 1227.

His father died when he was merely 9 years old as a result of poisoning by rival tribe.

Timujin married Borte when she was just 17 in order to expand his tribal support. However, rival tribe attacked his tribe resulting in him running away to save his life. His wife was kidnapped by the rival tribe.

The anonymous billionaire

In october 2008, a person / group with pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto” published a tectonic shifting paper on a digital currency system which was named as “Bitcoin”.

It was first of its kind peer to peer currency system with no central authority or supervision. To put it simply, it is like “torrent” of currency where every participant has a journal of transactions of everyone so no single entity can exert their control over it. The underlining technology “blockchain” is now implemented to solve various complex problems of governance.

Cant resist chocolates & ice creams?

There are certain food items that are irresistible in many ways. Most of us would pursue to buy an ice cream or a chocolate when we see one in store.

It is like having a kind of consciousness within us that urge you to grab it. That part of your consciousness will drive your behaviour by self assuring excuses.

cold weather & common cold

2 of my colleagues are sick and off from work with same symptoms today. Coughing, running nose, sore throat, headache & exhaustion. Coincidentally, they are not alone. There is a big spike in such cases during the summer to winter transition.

The problem is referred to as common cold or viral flu in general. The influenza virus which is responsible for this, is conducive to cold and dry weather. It is able to survive for longer and thus spreads quickly. Moreover, it can multiply / replicate faster as well.

Origins of Gold

In my previous article “How it all started…”, I expressed on how a star fuse elements of our periodic table in its core.

Also, how star cannot fuse iron and it leads to a big supernova explosion.

The question arises, If this is true how do we find elements in periodic table which are higher then Iron are produced? For e.g. Gold, Lead, Plutonium, etc.

Shades of conquest (Byzantium, Nova Roma, Constantinople, Kostantiniyye, Istanbul)

Greeks around 657 BCE founded Byzantium. It was significant because of its strategic location that connected it to east and also in terms of defence. it could only be attacked from the west as rest sides were covered with sea.

Because if its prominent location and fertile land, it was marred with wars in the early times. It was a centre of Persian wars between Greeks and Persians. Persians were hell bent on conquering Greece and city kept changing hands between Persians and Greeks. It was later conquered by Spartans who made peace with Persians (Persian king Xerxes) and provided their full support to Persians in exchange of letting them govern Byzantium.

Man in the mirror, Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar was the most prominent leader of roman republic. He was born on July 13, 100 BCE. His parents were believed to be decedents of roman goddess, Venus.

Though respected his parents did not have much money. Caesar’s father died when he was 16 and same year he married Cornelia who also belonged to noble family and her father supported Caesar’s uncle, Maurius to come to power. Unfortunately, his opponent Sulla came to power.

Antimatter, What and How much can I buy for?

Some time during the creation of the universe 13.8 billion years back after the big bang, matter overpowered antimatter. During the early stage after big bang the universe was unstable. Matter and antimatter reacted and obliterated each other in big release of energy repeatedly.

Some how at that time matter won against antimatter and it survived. Since then, whatever we see on planet and around our solar system and space is all matter.

We are all Equal.(period)

All human beings have almost identical genes. My genes would have around 99.9% match to genes of my friend who helps me with cleaning my car or Elon Musk for that matter. No matter you are of different color, creed, belong to different religion, have a different orientation or any other difference that you can spot with your eyes does not translate in difference of your core building blocks (DNA).

Where exactly are we!

Our planet earth has about 510.1 million square kilometres in surface area. We are part of the solar system with sun in the centre. Our sun is whopping 109 times diameter then the earth.

Our solar system is roughly 122 AU in diameter where each AU (Astronomical Unit) correspond to 150 million kilometres!

Humans vs virus, World war 3?

In 1346 – 1353 around 200 million people died of a deadly plague known as Black death. The plague was so severe that it approximately wiped out 50% of total european population.

The virus originated from rat flea carried by rats and spread through ships that used to ferry for trade.

Genesis of Life

After earth was formed, it was too hot to host any form of life. It cooled off over millions of years.

The gas clouds consisting of hydrogen and water vapor began to settle.

How it all started…

Today with help of cosmic background radiation and other methods, we are able to trace back the sequence of events, which led to the creation of earth.

13.8 billion years ago, a catalytic event took place. We have named it “Big bang”. We are not certain what exactly caused this event. There are several theories but cannot be conclusively established.

The curious case of starlings

Starlings are small to medium size birds. They appear to be black from distance but are dark blue glossy coloured.

Shakespeare has described starlings vividly while writing Henry IV. They mimic and imitate sounds. They usually travel in big flocks.

Religion, Capitalism & Belief System

Throughout history we have witnessed the existence of far more superior species on the face of the earth. Dinosaurs, Mammoth & Megalodon are to name a few.

All these are no more with us but an inferior species like homo sapiens survived through this entire period of evolution.